Neuroscience researchers at Texas A&M are pursuing interdisciplinary projects that focus on aging, learning and memory, neurodegeneration, addiction, biological rhythms, recovery from neural injury, neurotoxicology, and neural-immune interactions, among others. These topics require expertise at multiple levels, from genes and biochemistry, to cells and systems, to behavior and outcome. Housing key neuroscience faculty members in the ILSB leverages neuroscience to the next level, across and within colleges.

The neuroscience faculty at Texas A&M was formed in response to growth in the field of neuroscience, and is now a well-established interdisciplinary life sciences group. Neuroscience research is generally concentrated in the colleges of Liberal Arts (psychology), Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, and Science (biology), as well as the Texas A&M Health Science Center.